Tag Archives: canada

Canadian Music Archive Resource – The Virtual Gramophone

Press play.

Are we rolling?

Harry McDonough and Raymond Dixon perform in an a cappella recording of ‘It Was a Lover and His Lass’ from Shakespeare’s ‘As You Like It’. The credited composer is Thomas Morley (1557-1602).


Elsie Baker singing ‘One Sweetly Solemn Thought’.


Paul Dufault performing ‘When Twilight Comes’ by Anton Strelezki.


Albert P. Quesnel sings this French-language Easter song, ‘Hosanna’. Music composed by Jules Granier. Poem by Julien Eugéne H. Didiée.


This recording features The BlackFeet Tribe, the same Navajo Indians recorded by Geoffrey O’Hara as discussed in previous post ‘Navajo Indian Songs’. This is their ‘Gambler’s Song’, performed by Medicine Bull, Sleeps Long Time, and Big Top.


The song at the top of the entry is ‘The Maple Leaf Forever’ performed by Knickerbocker Quartet and New York Military Band. All the songs featured here were recorded or released in 1914.

Columbia Mixed Quartet will play us out with ‘O, Canada’.

I visited Canada a few years ago. It was late 2008 and it was beautiful. There were red maple leaves everywhere. And I saw a squirrel. Earlier this year I visited Canada again, this time it was in 1914. While researching Canadian tenor Henry Burr, I discovered a wonderful resource of Canadian recordings online. The Virtual Gramophone project was discontinued in 2006, with only sporadic updates since then. There’s a lot of good stuff there, and plenty of material from 1914. It’s a pity it’s not still being added to regularly, the recordings available on The Virtual Gramophone represent only a portion of the 78-rpm and cylinders collection held by Library and Archives Canada. There’s good music in collections all over the world, music that’s being preserved but not enjoyed. I hope some discussion around archives might revive projects like The Virtual Gramophone. Musicians can cover some of these Canadian gems from 1914 to show that the archives are still relevant, a hundred years later. I’ve enjoyed lending my ear to these voices from history, and I’ve picked out some highlights. If listening to these songs isn’t enough for you, there’s loads more that you can discover for yourself.

On The Virtual Gramophone there are biographies of prominent Canadian performers of the time, chronologies of sound recording technologies and the sound recording industry, and collections such as ‘Songs of The First World War‘. According to the ‘About’ page on the site… In choosing the titles for digitization, only those recordings having Canadian content, such as a performer, composer or lyricist were digitized. Recordings where the music and lyrics are still under copyright in Canada or for which the copyright status could not be determined are not available on The Virtual Gramophone. In other words, it’s all in the public domain just waiting to be enjoyed by modern audiences and rediscovered by modern musicians. That’s what music is for.

Due to the nature of Hundred Years Late (the focus on a specific year), I had to find a hack to search The Virtual Gramophone by year. If you click on Search/Advanced Search and enter a comma between inverted commas as a search field and Year = 1914, you can browse the content available from that year.

Now if only you could find a link to The Virtual Gramophone!

Happy Birthday Henry Burr

My research into the music of 1914 has turned up a lot of interesting figures. But I find none more compelling than Henry Burr. I found biographical information and partial discographies on a lot of websites. A full discography of Burr’s output would be almost impossible to compile. Henry Burr in 1918, picture from WikimediaHis career spanned over thirty years and by his own estimate he made over 12,000 recordings in this time (under a variety of pseudonyms). What grabbed me most was the music itself. Though we’re separated by a hundred years and music has undergone profound stylistic changes, I find many of his song choices to be truly timeless, songs I’m compelled to play and sing and work out for myself. I referred to him in a previous post as the Elvis of his day and, like Elvis, the songs he sang were written by others. Burr even sang ‘Are You Lonesome Tonight?’ in 1927. He was one of many artists to record the song that year but this was not at all unusual for the time. Most new popular songs were covered by several artists.

Are You Lonesome Tonight? (1927) and
You Broke My Heart to Pass the Time Away (1914)

Born Harry Haley McClaskey in St. Stephen, New Brunswick, Canada in the 1880s, he had been singing in public since the age of five. His first notable concert was in St. John’s Opera House in April 1901 with Scottish soprano Jessie McLachlan. Later that year, again in St. John’s Opera House, his talent was noticed by Metropolitan Opera baritone Giuseppe Campanari, who insisted he go to New York for musical training. McClaskey moved to New York in 1902 and began taking lessons and singing with the Grace Methodist Episcopal Church choir. One of his teachers was Kate Stella Burr, in whose honour he adopted his most famous pseudonym. His recording career began (as Henry Burr) in New York in 1902 with Columbia Records. In 1904 he began recording with Edison Records as Irving Gillette. In 1905 he also recorded with Victor Records, again as Henry Burr and later as Harry McClaskey (his real name). He also released music under the names Henry Gillette, Alfred Alexander, Robert Rice, Carl Ely, Harry Barr, Frank Knapp, Al King, and Shamus McClaskey. These different names seem to have initially been used for releases from different recording companies, though I can find no consistent pattern in their usage throughout his career. Perhaps the purpose of his many pseudonyms was to frustrate future researchers and retain an air of historical mystique. Figures of this era are often wrapped in mystery. For example, one source claims he was born in 1882. Another says 1885, making him still a teenager when he embarked on his recording career. Whatever the year, all sources seem to agree on his birthday. It’s January 15. He would have been 132 (or 129) today.

Burr’s long and distinguished career included many collaborations. Vocal duets were common at the time and Burr sang with the most famous and celebrated female singers of the age, Ada Jones, Helen Clark, Elise Stevenson, Elizabeth Spencer, Elsie Baker, Marcia Freer and others. Male vocal duets were also common and Burr shared billing with Frank C. Stanley, Will Oakland, Joseph Belmont, Frank Croxton and others. Burr recorded many songs with Albert Campbell, who was also a collaborator in the vocal groups Peerless Quartet and Sterling Trio. These names are all searchable on National Jukebox, whose songs I’m unfortunately finding impossible to embed in WordPress. Not to worry, Henry Burr’s Herculean musical output has left in its wake some wonderful recordings in many other sources online.

Burr’s later career was spent as Director of the Artist’s Bureau at CBS radio, and from 1935 he continued to perform as a regular on the WLS Chicago National Barn Dance which was broadcast on NBC on Saturday evenings. He remained a featured performer on the show until shortly before his death in 1941 from throat cancer.

It was stumbling across a Henry Burr song in the archives that initially gave me the idea for this blog. Figuring out the music and singing it in my own voice convinced me that there are music archives full of gems waiting to be rediscovered by modern musicians. Now that I’m in a bit deeper and have been poring over these resources for months, I’m more convinced than ever. Unfortunately I haven’t recorded my own versions of the Henry Burr songs yet, you’ll have to wait a few months for them. Perhaps after recording an album of songs from 1914, I’ll attempt an entire album of Henry Burr covers. With over 12,000 recordings to his name (or rather, his many names), being short on material wouldn’t be a concern. And though what I’ve listened to so far could be considered a drop in the ocean, Henry Burr hasn’t disappointed. The songs he chooses to sing are inventive and interesting, his performances brimming with emotion, his voice smooth and warm and clear, cutting through the static of the last century. Happy birthday, old man.